Враг, способный стать другом. К вопросу о пользе алкоголя

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Враг, способный стать другом. К вопросу о пользе алкоголя

Журнал "Медицинский совет. Терапия" №6 2018



А.О. Буеверов1,2, д.м.н., профессор, П.О. Богомолов2
1 Первый Московский государственный медицинский университет им. И.М. Сеченова Минздрава России (Сеченовский университет)
2 Московский областной научно-исследовательский клинический институт им. М.Ф. Владимирского

A.O. Bueverov1,2, MD, Prof., P.O. Bogomolov2
1 Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University of the Ministry of Health of Russia (Sechenov University)
2 Vladimirsky Moscow Regional Research Clinical Institute

When an enemy becomes a friend. On the benefits of alcohol consumption

В то время как высокие дозы алкоголя являются доказанным фактором риска поражения различных органов и систем, в отношении малых и умеренных доз накоплены противоположные данные. Так, регулярное употребление спиртных напитков в небольших количествах уменьшает вероятность развития ишемической болезни сердца, инсульта, сахарного диабета 2-го типа, неалкогольной жировой болезни печени, остеопороза и некоторых других заболеваний, а также снижает общую смертность. Малые дозы алкоголя подавляют активность воспаления и перекисного окисления, нормализуют гемокоагуляцию, улучшают липидный профиль, благоприятно влияют на тонус сосудистой стенки и чувствительность тканей к инсулину. Наиболее изучены позитивные эффекты вина, что обычно объясняется содержанием в нем полифенолов, в меньшей степени – пива; однако следует учитывать, что в большинстве проведенных исследований фигурировали разные виды спиртных напитков. Таким образом, можно признать нецелесообразным полный запрет на употребление алкоголя лицам без зависимости и специфических органных поражений.

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